India profile
dominates South Asian subcontinent; near important Indian Ocean trade routes; Kanchenjunga, third tallest mountain in the world, lies on the border with Nepal
India history facts
The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world's oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. and extended into northwestern India. Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. - which reached its zenith under ASHOKA - united much of South Asia. The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th centuries A.D.) saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture. Islam spread across the subcontinent over a period of 700 years. In the 10th and 11th centuries, Turks and Afghans invaded India and established the Delhi Sultanate. In the early 16th century, the Emperor BABUR established the Mughal Dynasty which ruled India for more than three centuries. European explorers began establishing footholds in India during the 16th century. By the 19th century, Great Britain had become the dominant political power on the subcontinent. The British Indian Army played a vital role in both World Wars. Years of nonviolent resistance to British rule, led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU, eventually resulted in Indian independence, which was granted in 1947. Large-scale communal violence took place before and after the subcontinent partition into two separate states - India and Pakistan. The neighboring nations have fought three wars since independence, the last of which was in 1971 and resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. India's nuclear weapons tests in 1998 emboldened Pakistan to conduct its own tests that same year. In November 2008, terrorists originating from Pakistan conducted a series of coordinated attacks in Mumbai, India's financial capital. Despite pressing problems such as significant overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and widespread corruption, economic growth following the launch of economic reforms in 1991 and a massive youthful population are driving India's emergence as a regional and global power.
Interesting Facts about India
Conventional long form: Republic of India
Conventional short form: India
Local long form: Republic of India/Bharatiya Ganarajya
Local short form: India/Bharat
Fun Facts about India
India's capital city is New Delhi
Fun Facts about India
India Constitution:

26 January 1950;
amended many times
Interesting Facts about India
India population growth rate: 1.28%
India fun facts
India highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,598 m
India facts
India lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Facts about India
About 48% of India's land is arable.
India fun facts
Ganga River (Ganges) is the Longest River in India
Facts about India
India birth rate is 20 births/1,000 population
India fun facts
India infant mortality rate is 45 deaths/1,000 live births
India fun facts
India fertility rate is 2.55 children born/woman
India fun facts
Top 200 cities of India are:
1. Mumbai (Maharashtra)
2. Delhi (Delhi)
3. Bangalore (Karnataka)
4. Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh)
5. Ahmedabad (Gujarat)
6. Chennai (Tamil Nadu)
7. Kolkata (West Bengal)
8. Surat (Gujarat)
9. Pune (Maharashtra)
10. Jaipur (Rajasthan)
11. Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh)
12. Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh)
13. Nagpur (Maharashtra)
14. Indore (Madhya Pradesh)
15. Thane (Maharashtra)
16. Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh)
17. Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh)
18. Pimpri-Chinchwad (Maharashtra)
19. Patna (Bihar)
20. Vadodara (Gujarat)
21. Ghaziabad (Uttar Pradesh)
22. Ludhiana (Punjab)
23. Agra (Uttar Pradesh)
24. Nashik (Maharashtra)
25. Faridabad (Haryana)
26. Meerut (Uttar Pradesh)
27. Rajkot (Gujarat)
28. Kalyan-Dombivali (Maharashtra)
29. Vasai-Virar (Maharashtra)
30. Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)
31. Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir)
32. Aurangabad (Maharashtra)
33. Dhanbad (Jharkhand)
34. Amritsar (Punjab)
35. Navi Mumbai (Maharashtra)
36. Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh)
37. Ranchi (Jharkhand)
38. Howrah (West Bengal)
39. Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu)
40. Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh)
41. Gwalior (Madhya Pradesh)
42. Vijayawada (Andhra Pradesh)
43. Jodhpur (Rajasthan)
44. Madurai (Tamil Nadu)
45. Raipur (Chhattisgarh)
46. Kota (Rajasthan)
47. Guwahati (Assam)
48. Chandigarh (Chandigarh)
49. Solapur (Maharashtra)
50. Hubballi-Dharwad (Karnataka)
51. Bareilly (Uttar Pradesh)
52. Moradabad (Uttar Pradesh)
53. Mysore (Karnataka)
54. Gurgaon (Haryana)
55. Aligarh (Uttar Pradesh)
56. Jalandhar (Punjab)
57. Tiruchirappalli (Tamil Nadu)
58. Bhubaneswar (Orissa)
59. Salem (Tamil Nadu)
60. Mira-Bhayandar (Maharashtra)
61. Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala)
62. Bhiwandi (Maharashtra)
63. Saharanpur (Uttar Pradesh)
64. Gorakhpur (Uttar Pradesh)
65. Guntur (Andhra Pradesh)
66. Bikaner (Rajasthan)
67. Amravati (Maharashtra)
68. Noida (Uttar Pradesh)
69. Jamshedpur (Jharkhand)
70. Bhilai (Chhattisgarh)
71. Warangal (Andhra Pradesh)
72. Mangalore (Karnataka)
73. Cuttack (Orissa)
74. Firozabad (Uttar Pradesh)
75. Kochi (Kerala)
76. Bhavnagar (Gujarat)
77. Dehradun (Uttarakhand)
78. Durgapur (West Bengal)
79. Asansol (West Bengal)
80. Nanded (Maharashtra)
81. Kolhapur (Maharashtra)
82. Ajmer (Rajasthan)
83. Gulbarga (Karnataka)
84. Jamnagar (Gujarat)
85. Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh)
86. Loni (Uttar Pradesh)
87. Siliguri (West Bengal)
88. Jhansi (Uttar Pradesh)
89. Ulhasnagar (Maharashtra)
90. Nellore (Andhra Pradesh)
91. Jammu (Jammu and Kashmir)
92. Sangli-Miraj & Kupwad (Maharashtra)
93. Belgaum (Karnataka)
94. Ambattur (Tamil Nadu)
95. Tirunelveli (Tamil Nadu)
96. Malegaon (Maharashtra)
97. Gaya (Bihar)
98. Jalgaon (Maharashtra)
99. Udaipur (Rajasthan)
100. Maheshtala (West Bengal)
101. Tirupur (Tamil Nadu)
102. Davanagere (Karnataka)
103. Kozhikode (Kerala)
104. Akola (Maharashtra)
105. Kurnool (Andhra Pradesh)
106. Rajpur Sonarpur (West Bengal)
107. Bokaro (Jharkhand)
108. South Dumdum (West Bengal)
109. Bellary (Karnataka)
110. Patiala (Punjab)
111. Gopalpur (West Bengal)
112. Agartala (Tripura)
113. Bhagalpur (Bihar)
114. Muzaffarnagar (Uttar Pradesh)
115. Bhatpara (West Bengal)
116. Panihati (West Bengal)
117. Latur (Maharashtra)
118. Dhule (Maharashtra)
119. Rohtak (Haryana)
120. Korba (Chhattisgarh)
121. Bhilwara (Rajasthan)
122. Brahmapur (Orissa)
123. Muzaffarpur (Bihar)
124. Ahmednagar (Maharashtra)
125. Mathura (Uttar Pradesh)
126. Kollam (Kerala)
127. Avadi (Tamil Nadu)
128. Rajahmundry (Andhra Pradesh)
129. Kadapa (Andhra Pradesh)
130. Kamarhati (West Bengal)
131. Bilaspur (Chhattisgarh)
132. Shahjahanpur (Uttar Pradesh)
133. Bijapur (Karnataka)
134. Rampur (Uttar Pradesh)
135. Shivamogga (Karnataka)
136. Chandrapur (Maharashtra)
137. Junagadh (Gujarat)
138. Thrissur (Kerala)
139. Alwar (Rajasthan)
140. Bardhaman (West Bengal)
141. Kulti (West Bengal)
142. Kakinada (Andhra Pradesh)
143. Nizamabad (Andhra Pradesh)
144. Parbhani (Maharashtra)
145. Tumkur (Karnataka)
146. Hisar (Haryana)
147. Ozhukarai (Puducherry)
148. Bihar Sharif (Bihar)
149. Panipat (Haryana)
150. Darbhanga (Bihar)
151. Bally (West Bengal)
152. Aizawl (Mizoram)
153. Dewas (Madhya Pradesh)
154. Ichalkaranji (Maharashtra)
155. Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh)
156. Karnal (Haryana)
157. Bathinda (Punjab)
158. Jalna (Maharashtra)
159. Barasat (West Bengal)
160. Kirari Suleman Nagar (Delhi)
161. Purnia (Bihar)
162. Satna (Madhya Pradesh)
163. Mau (Uttar Pradesh)
164. Sonipat (Haryana)
165. Farrukhabad (Uttar Pradesh)
166. Sagar (Madhya Pradesh)
167. Rourkela (Orissa)
168. Durg (Chhattisgarh)
169. Imphal (Manipur)
170. Ratlam (Madhya Pradesh)
171. Hapur (Uttar Pradesh)
172. Anantapur (Andhra Pradesh)
173. Arrah (Bihar)
174. Karimnagar (Andhra Pradesh)
175. Etawah (Uttar Pradesh)
176. Ambernath (Maharashtra)
177. North Dumdum (West Bengal)
178. Bharatpur (Rajasthan)
179. Begusarai (Bihar)
180. New Delhi (Delhi)
181. Gandhidham (Gujarat)
182. Baranagar (West Bengal)
183. Tiruvottiyur (Tamil Nadu)
184. Puducherry (Puducherry)
185. Sikar (Rajasthan)
186. Thoothukudi (Tamil Nadu)
187. Rewa (Madhya Pradesh)
188. Mirzapur (Uttar Pradesh)
189. Raichur (Karnataka)
190. Pali (Rajasthan)
191. Ramagundam (Andhra Pradesh)
192. Vizianagaram (Andhra Pradesh)
193. Katihar (Bihar)
194. Haridwar (Uttarakhand)
195. Sri Ganganagar (Rajasthan)
196. Karawal Nagar (Delhi)
197. Nagercoil (Tamil Nadu)
198. Mango (Jharkhand)
199. Bulandshahr (Uttar Pradesh)
200. Thanjavur (Tamil Nadu)
Facts about India
28 states

1. Andhra Pradesh
2. Arunachal Pradesh
3. Assam
4. Bihar
5. Chhattisgarh
6. Goa
7. Gujarat
8. Haryana
9. Himachal Pradesh
10. Jammu and Kashmir
11. Jharkhand
12. Karnataka
13. Kerala
14. Madhya Pradesh
15. Maharashtra
16. Manipur
17. Meghalaya
18. Mizoram
19. Nagaland
20. Odisha
21. Punjab
22. Rajasthan
23. Sikkim
24. Tamil Nadu
25. Tripura
26. Uttar Pradesh
27. Uttarakhand
28. West Bengal

and 7 union territories:

1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
2. Chandigarh
3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli
4. Daman and Diu
5. Delhi
6. Lakshadweep
7. Puducherry

Indian president:Pranab Mukherji
Capital of India
current time in India

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